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Mattress Guide


One of the best ways to achieve rejuvenating sleep is to acquire a comfortable, supportive mattress set that fits your unique needs. With so many choices available, finding the best set for you ensures years of satisfying slumber.

It’s time to buy a new mattress set if:

  • You wake up achy, stiff or tired.
    This is the primary indicator that your mattress no longer provides proper comfort or support.
  • Your mattress looks lumpy or saggy.
    This could be a sign that the support structure has deteriorated and comfort layers have been overly compressed with time and use.
  • You sleep better at a hotel than in your own bed.
    This is self-explanatory.
  • Your current mattress is 7-10 years old or more.
    By that time, you’ve logged in more than 30,000 hours of use.
  • You are over 40.
    As we age, we have less tolerance to pressure points on our bodies.

Mattress Sizes

Consider the size of the room where your new bedding will be placed. Take measurements and bring them with you when shopping. If you are replacing your primary mattress set, consider whether you or you and your partner had sufficient room on your current set to move freely without being cramped. The availability of linens may be a factor as well, so be sure to note depth as well as length and width when making your selection.

  • Twin 39″ x 75″ (Single) – Most often used for children’s rooms or daybeds.
  • Twin Extra Long 39″ x 80″ – Often used in college dorm rooms or taller teens.
  • Double/Full 54″ x 75″ – Approx. 15” wider than a Twin.
  • Queen 60″ x 80″ – Six inches wider and five inches longer than a Double.
  • King 76″ x 80″ (aka Eastern King) – Approx 16” wider than a Queen, with the same length. An Eastern King bed comes with one mattress and two, half-width box springs to be more manageable when moving. It gives approximately the same width per person as two twin mattresses.
  • California King 72″ x 84″ – Approx 12” wider than Queen, but 4” longer.

Types of Mattresses

Innerspring Mattresses

Innerspring mattresses are the most traditional form of mattress and utilize wire coils as the support structure. Often using layers of foam for additional support, the coils are wire tied and have a strong border wire attached to the perimeter of the coils. The border wire supports the coils to reduce sagging and retain shape integrity. Edges are reinforced with foam or specially produced springs to sustain the sleep surface to the edge, deterring edge breakdown. The comfort layers and upholstery are separated from the innerspring system by a sturdy layer of padding or mesh that prohibits the upholstery from sinking into the coils.

Encased Coil Spring Mattress

Encased (also known as independent or individual) coils are individually fabric wrapped springs. Independently working coils allow for greater body contour and limit motion dispersement. Each encased coil absorbs the weight placed on it without distributing the load to other coils, causing partners to feel each other’s movements far less.

A note about coil numbers and firmness: It was once thought that the support a mattress provided was determined by the number of coils, but this is now known to not be true. The construction of the coils themselves and the preferences of the individual are the more predominate factors in determining the level of support and comfort a mattress will provide. Depending on size, mattresses generally range from 300 to 800 coils, with 500+ coils generally considered “firm”. The “firmness” of a mattress, however, should not be confused with the level of support. Some of the most comfortable, supportive mattresses contain just over 400 coils. Studies by Stanford and Cornell University have concluded that a mattress should support the spine at all points, but still allow it to maintain its natural curve. A mattress that puts the spine into proper alignment and conforms to the body is considered better than an overly firm mattress that may not provide even support and cause discomfort in heavier points like hips and shoulders.

Visco-Elastic Memory Foam Mattress

This mattress is constructed of high-density visco-elastic memory foam that conforms to your body and reduces pressure points. Visco-elastic memory foam was originally developed to reduce the stress of g-forces on astronauts’ bodies during lift-off. It is specially produced, increased density polyurethane foam. It is temperature sensitive and conforms to the body shape immediately, but returns to its original form when not in use. The ability to eliminate pressure points while offering durability makes this material an enticing option for lush comfort and dependable support. Memory foams differ in durability, density, resilience, and tensile strength. Softness or firmness of memory foam (the selection of which is a matter of individual preference) is indicated in its ILD Rating (Indentation Load Deflection). Memory foam provides a natural body alignment.

Do I Need to Buy a New Box Spring/Foundation?

It is recommended that you purchase a foundation that is specially designed to match your new mattress. A mattress and foundation are engineered to work together as a set, and the foundation contributes to the comfort and support of the bed and handles a lot of the wear and tear, making you bedding last longer. Using an old foundation with a new mattress, or putting it together with a foundation it wasn’t designed for will encumber support, comfort, lifespan and overall performance.

Buying Tips

  • Take your time when purchasing a mattress set. You spend a 3rd of your life on your mattress.
  • Buy as a set. Mattresses and foundations are built to work together.
  • When shopping spend at least 15 minutes testing a bed to get the true feel of the mattress set.
  • When testing a mattress make sure to lay on the mattress as you would in your normal night’s sleep.
  • Thoroughly read and understand your warranty.

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